The question of whether there is life after death does not fall under the
jurisdiction of science, as science is concerned only with classification
and analysis of data. Moreover, man has been busy with scientific inquiries
and research, in the modern sense of the term, only for the last few
centuries, while he has been familiar with the concept of life after death
since time immemorial.
All the prophets of God called their people to worship God and to believe in
life after death. They laid so much emphasis on the belief in life after
death that even a slight doubt in it meant denying God and made all other
The very fact that all the prophets of God have dealt with this metaphysical
question of life after death so confidently and so uniformly - the gap
between their ages in some cases, being thousands of years - goes to prove
that the source of their knowledge of life after death as proclaimed by them
all, was the same, i.e. Divine revelation.
We also know that these prophets of God were greatly opposed by their
people, mainly on the issue of life after death, as their people thought it
impossible. But in spite of opposition, the prophets won many sincere
The question arises : what made those followers forsake the
established beliefs, traditions and customs of their forefathers,
notwithstanding the risk of being totally alienated from their own
community? The simple answer is:
they made use of their faculties of mind and heart and realized the truth.
It is this consciousness that guides man regarding realities that cannot be
seen. That is why all the prophets of God, while calling people to believe
in God and life after death, appeal to the aesthetic, moral and rational
consciousness of man.
For example, when the idolaters of Makkah denied even the possibility of
life after death, the Noble Qur'an exposed the weakness of their stand by
advancing very logical and rational arguments in support of it:
"And he makes comparisons for Us and forgets his own (Origin and) Creation:
he says 'Who can give life to (dry) bones and decomposed ones (at that)?'
Say (O Muhammad) 'He will give them life Who created them for the first
time! For He is well-versed in every kind of creation!' The same Who
produces for you fire out of the green tree, when behold! Ye kindle
therewith (your own fires)! Is not He Who created the heavens and the earth
able to create the like thereof? Yea indeed! For He is the Creator, Supreme
in skill and knowledge (infinite)."
(Qur'an, 36: 78-81).
On another occasion, the Noble Qur'an very clearly says that the
disbelievers have no sound basis for their denial of life after death. It is
based on pure conjecture:
"And they say: 'What is there but our life in this world? We die and we live
and nothing but time can destroy us.' But of that they have no knowledge;
they merely conjecture. And when Our clear signs are rehearsed to them,
their argument is nothing but this: they say 'Bring (back) our forefathers
if what ye say is true!' Say: "It is Allah Who gives you life, then gives
you death. Then He will gather you together for the Day of Judgment about
which there is no doubt. But most men do not know." (Qur'an,45: 24-26 ).
Surely God will raise all the dead. But God has His own plan of things. A
day will come when the whole universe will be destroyed and then the dead
will be resurrected to stand before God. That day will be the beginning of
the life that will never end, and on that Day God will reward every person
according to his or her good or evil deeds.
The explanation that the Noble Qur'an gives about the necessity of life
after death is what the moral consciousness of man demands. Actually, if
there is no life after death, the very belief in God becomes irrelevant, or
even if one believes in God, it would be an unjust and indifferent God,
having once created man but not being concerned with his fate.
Surely, God is just. He will punish the tyrants whose crimes are beyond
count; having killed hundreds of innocent persons, created great corruption
in the society, enslaved numerous persons to serve their whims, etc. Man has
a very short span of life in this world, and as this physical world is not
eternal, punishments or rewards equal to the evil or noble deeds of persons
are not possible here. The Noble Qur'an very emphatically states that the
Day of Judgment must come and God will decide about the fate of each soul
according to his or her record of deeds:
"The Unbelievers say, 'Never to us will come the Hour.' Say 'Nay! But most
surely by my Lord it will come upon you by Him Who knows the unseen, from
Whom is not hidden the least little atom in the heavens or on earth: nor is
there anything less than that or greater but is in the record perspicuous:
That He may reward those who believe and work deeds of righteousness: for
such is forgiveness and a sustenance most generous.' But those who strive
against Our signs to frustrate them, for such will be a penalty, a
punishment most humiliating."
(Qur'an, 34: 3-5 ) .
The Day of Resurrection will be the day when God's attributes of Justice and
Mercy will be in full manifestation. God will shower His Mercy on those who
suffered for His sake in the worldly life, believing that an eternal bliss
was awaiting them. But those who abused the bounties of God, caring nothing
for the life to come, will be in the most miserable state. Drawing a
comparison between them, the Noble Qur'an says:
"Are (these two) alike? One to whom We have made a goodly promise and who is
going to reach its (fulfillment) and one to whom we have given the good
things of this life but who on the Day of Judgment is to be among those
brought up (for punishment ) " .
) Qur'an, 28: 61 ( .
The Noble Qur'an also states that this worldly life is a preparation for the
eternal life after death. But those who deny it become slaves of their
passions and desires, making fun of virtuous God-conscious persons.
Such persons realise their folly only at the time of their death and wish to
be given a further chance in the world but in vain. Their miserable state at
the time of death, and the horror of the Day of Judgement, and the eternal
bliss guaranteed to the sincere believers are very clearly mentioned in the
following verses of the Noble Qur'an:
"In Falsehood will they be) until when death comes to one of them, he says:
'O my Lord! Send me back (to life), In order that I may work righteousness
in the things I neglected.' By no means! It is but a word he says; and
before them is a partition till the day they are raised up. Then when the
trumpet is blown, there will be no more relationships between them that Day
nor will one ask after another! Then those whose balance (of good deeds) is
heavy, they are the successful. But those whose balance is light will be
those who have lost their souls; in Hell will they abide. The fire will burn
their faces and they will therein grin with their lips displaced. (It will
be said): 'Were not My Verses (this Qur'an) recited to you, and then you
used to deny them?' They will say: 'Our Lord! Our wretchedness overcame us,
and we were (an) erring people. Our Lord! Bring us out of this. If ever we
return (to evil), then indeed we shall be wrong-doers'. He (Allah) will say:
'Remain you in it with ignominy! And speak you not to Me!' Verily there was
a party of My slaves, who used to say: 'Our Lord! We believe, so forgive us,
and have mercy on us, for You are the Best of all who show mercy!' But you
took them for a laughing stock, so much so that it made you forget My
Remembrance while you used to laugh at them! Verily I have rewarded them
this Day for their patience: they are indeed the ones that are successful.
He (Allah) will say: 'How long did you stay on earth, counting by years?'
They will say: 'We stayed a day or part of a day. Ask of those who keep
count.' He (Allah) will say: 'You stayed not but a little, if you had only
known! Did you think that We had created you in play (without any purpose),
and that you would not be brought back Us?' So Exalted is Allah, the True
King: There is no God save Him, the Lord of the Supreme Throne!"
(Qur'an, 23: 99-116 ).
The belief in life after death not only guarantees success in the Hereafter
but also makes this world full of peace and happiness by making individuals
most responsible and dutiful in their activities.
Think of the people of Arabia before the arrival of the prophet Muhammad
(Peace Be Upon Him) - they were a people that gambled, feuded, plundered and
murdered. These were their main traits when they had no belief in life after
death. Similarly the denial of life after death has its consequences not
only in the Hereafter but also in this world. When a nation as a whole
denies it, all kinds of evils and corruption become rampant in that society
and ultimately it is destroyed.
Happenings of the Day of Judgment
"When the water (of Noah's flood) overflowed beyond its limits, We carried
you (mankind) in the floating (Ark).
That We might make it a message unto you and that ears (that should hear the
tale and) retain its memory should bear its (lessons) in remembrance.
Then when one blast is sounded on the trumpet. And the earth is moved and
its mountains and they are crushed to powder at one stroke, on that day
shall the (Great) event come to pass.
And the sky will be rent asunder, for that day it will be flimsy. And the
angels will be on its sides and that day eight will bear the Throne of thy
Lord above them.
That day shall ye be brought to Judgment: not an act of yours that ye hide
will be hidden. Then He that will be given his record in his right hand will
say: 'Ah here! Read ye my Record! 'I did really understand that my account
would (one day) reach me!'
And he will be in a life of bliss In a high garden
The fruits whereof (will hang in bunches) low and near.
'Eat ye and drink ye with full satisfaction; because of the (good) that ye
sent before you in the days that are gone!'
And he that will be given his record in his left hand will say:
'Ah! Would that my record had not been given to me!
'And that I had never realised how my account (stood)
'Ah! Would that (Death) had made an end of me!
'Of no profit to me has been my wealth!
'My power has perished from me!'
(It will be said): 'Take him and fetter him;
'Then throw him in the blazing Fire.'
'Then fasten him with a chain whereof the length is seventy cubits!'
Verily, he used not to believe in Allah, the Most Great,
And urged not on the feeding of the poor.
So no friend has he here this Day, Nor any food except filth (from the
washing of wounds(.
Which none but sinners eat. (Qur'an, 69: 11-37 ).
Thus, there are very convincing reasons to believe in life after death.
First, all the prophets of God have called their people to believe in
Secondly, whenever a human society is built on the basis of this belief,
it has been the most ideal and peaceful society, free of social and moral
Thirdly, history bears witness that whenever this belief is rejected
collectively by a group of people in spite of the repeated warnings of the
Prophet, the group as a whole has been punished by God even in this world.
Fourthly, moral, aesthetic and rational faculties of man endorse the
possibility of life after death.
God's attributes of Justice and Mercy have no meaning if there is no life
Allah is the name of God in the Arabic language. Neither plural nor gender
can be formed from it. He is the Creator and Sustainer of the universes. He
is the God of all people including the prophets such as Adam, Noah, Abraham,
Ishmael, Jacob, Moses, David, Jesus and Muhammad (Peace Be Upon All Of
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